Periodontal disease occurs around the teeth and attacks the gums, bone, and surrounding tissues. Early signs of periodontal disease include red, swollen and bleeding gums. When plaque, the sticky film on tooth surfaces comprised of food debris, saliva, and bacteria is not removed, it becomes calculus, and leads to the development of periodontal disease.
Since periodontal disease is typically painless and symptomless in the early stages, many people are unaware that they have it. This is dangerous because studies show that not only does periodontal disease lead to tooth loss, there is a strong link between periodontal disease and other diseases, such as stroke, diabetes, bacterial pneumonia, and heart disease.
Symptoms and indicators of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Loosening of teeth
- Increasing spacing between teeth
- Difficult to control bad breath
- Receding gums
- Inflamed or infected gums
- Discomfort or tenderness
Periodontal disease is a treatable condition, with a variety of treatment options available, depending on severity. A good oral hygiene regimen, including regular dental visits, as well as a healthy diet can reduce the risk of periodontal disease and the associated issues. Quitting smoking also helps to prevent or slow the progression of periodontal disease.
Weninger Dentistry can help you with the treatment or prevention of periodontal disease. Contact us today for an appointment.